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Module 1 Assignments and Answers

Module 1 Assignments and Answers


    List down the names of 10 organizations/companies using FOSS in your country. Also provide their website addresses and the names of the FOSS products they are using.

Some examples from participants


1. Strathmore University -

Product/s:Linux, Moodle, also using rsmart Kuali Financial systems

2. Alliance Technologies -

Product: Open Source Software Solutions and supplies an ERP, Alfresco for Document Management

3. Linux Solutions -

Product: using GNU/Linux for Mail Server Installations

4. Camara -

Product: Linux(Camarabuntu),Moodle and using Linux Edubuntu

5. Adept Systems -

Product: LINUX - MIFOS – Microfinance Information

Management System released under Apache v2.0 public license

6. Government Information Technology Services –

Products: Various FOSS Solutions in Government including Joomla, Collaboration Software and Linux Servers for mail.

7. Open World -

Product: Linux, Apache, MySQL, and Perl,Python/PHP and offer FOSS training to Clients

8. Institute of Software Technologies -

Product/s:Linux, Solaris, Java, MySQL(Training)

9. Mumias Sugar Company -

Product: Linux (Server side)

10. Magadi Soda Company -

Product: Linux (Server side)

Name of institution

Product Used


Kenya Coast Polytechnic

Website made in Joomla

Strathmore University

Training in various FOSS


Campus Management system

E learning System

Catholic University

Campus Management System

Mombasa Technical Training


Learning Management System

(modified Moodle) (In trial



Kaloleni Redeemed Gospel

Church primary school

Laboratory computers on Linux



K24 broadcasting station

Laboratory computers on Linux


Kenya Television Network

Using Linux OS


IT solutions based on FOSS

Braeburn schools

Elearning system (Moodle)

Daystar university

Elearning system (Moodle)


University of Nairobi

Elearning system (Moodle)

Kenya Network Information


FOSS usage and Advocacy

South Africa:




Molemi NGS

Ubuntu, OpenOffice,


Linux, Xoops, Jasper Reports


Open Unix


OpenWorkbench, OpenOffice, TurboCash, Joomla

Sun Microsystems

Solaris OS, but also provides links to other FLOSS products for example, Netbeans, OpenOffice, GlassFish etc

Gijima ST

Not specific but offer systems intergration including Open Source to clients

Department of Science and Technology

Plone CMS

Monash South Africa



Linux SUSE, OpenOffice, Xoops, WordPress

Council for Scientific and Industrial Research






FLOSS Products used



Linux, OpenOffice


Ministry of Water and Environment,

Linux, OpenOffice


Ministry of Lands,

Linux, OpenOffice


Ministry of Tourism, Trade and Industry,

Linux, OpenOffice,


Civil Aviation Authority

Linux, OpenOffice


Uganda Carbon Bureau.

Linux, OpenOffice


Makerere University

Linux, OpenOffice, MySQL


Uganda Martyrs University

Linux, OpenOffice, Oracle


Diamond ICT

Linux, OpenOffice, IPCop Server,

Mozilla Firefox, Mozilla Thunderbird


East African Center for Open Source Software

Linux, OpenOffice, Joomla!





Arusha Node Marie/AFAM Ltd

Fedora/Redhat, FreeBSD and Ubuntu






Ubuntu Desktop, V-tiger, OpenOffice


Vodacom Tanzania Limited



Hubert Kairuki Hospital (Mikocheni)



St. John's University - Dodoma



The Parliament of Tanzania

SquirrelMail, Centos OS



SquirrelMail, MySQL, PHP


Tri Labs

Ubuntu, PHP


University Computing Center Ltd

Ubuntu Server (OS), SquirrelMail, MySQL Database, Thunderbird, OpenOffice, PHP, Care2x



Website Address

FLOSS products used


Tanzania Commission for Universities (TCU)



University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM)

1. KiLiNuX - is an exclusive open source software project which translates OSS products like Linux into local Kiswahili language

2. UDSM uses FOSS based software to manage its student records known as ZALONGWA


National Council of Technical Education (NACTE)

open Source database management system, MySQL


National Examination Council of Tanzania (NECTA)

NECTA is investing in Linux Servers and has already trained its systems administrator on working with LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP) systems


Bank of Tanzania (BoT)



Geodata Consultants Limited



Simba Technology Ltd

Open Text, Java, PHP, Apache


Computertech solutions (T) Ltd.

Web hosting, Servers


SCI (Tanzania) Ltd

Accounting, Human Resource & payroll software, Time & Attendance Solutions, Hotel & Restaurant Software using Linux


College of Business Education (CBE)

Apache (Server), redhat, Mozilla firefox,


Name of Organization

FLOSS Product being used



St. Mary’s University


Ubuntu, Fedora, JCreator,

Eclipse, Mozilla Firefox,

Vertrigo Server, Apache,

MySQL, eMule


eVentive LLC

Java, Eclipse, MySQL,

Postgresql, Oracle 10g,

Vertrigo Server


Hebesha PLC

Joomla, Apache, MySQL,



Development Bank of


Zimbra, Orange HRM,

Greenstone, Koha, Joomla,

Wireshark, Azurus/Avu,

Adaptive Planning Express


Ethiopian Ministry of

Finance & Economic Dev’t

Ibex financial management



Addis Ababa University

Greenstone, Zimbra, JCreator,

Eclipse, Vertrigo Server, Koha,

MySQL, Apache


OraTech Consulting

Joomla, Eclipse, Wireshark,

Koha, Ubuntu, Vertrigo Server,





Hilcoe School of Computer


Joomla, JCreator, MySQL,

Apache, Vertrigo, Eclipse,



Taby Engineering

Moodle, Ubuntu, Joomla




TEST Module 1

Question 1 : TCO refers to how much it costs to buy a software product

  1. True

  2. False

Question 2 : Money cannot be made with FLOSS

  1. True

  2. False

Question 3 : The FSF defines free software as software which gives the user freedom to

  1. distribute or share

  2. study

  3. modify

  4. All of the above

Question 4 : All of the following are examples of free software except …

  1. Firefox

  2. Qt

  3. MySql

  4. Adobe CS2

Question 5 : OSI stands for …

  1. Open Source Interconnectivity

  2. Ontario Swine Improvement

  3. Open System Initiative

  4. Open Source Initiative

Question 6 : FLOSS doesn't cost a thing

  1. True

  2. False

Question 7 : In a FLOSS business model, a large proportion of resources must go to marketing, publicity and distribution

  1. True

  2. False

Question 8 : Select the odd item

  1. Linux

  2. MySql

  3. Python

Question 9 : List 5 free software licenses you knowand for each license name 1 software that uses it.

Question 10 : FLOSS cannot be modified or distributed

  1. True

  2. False

Question 11 : List the 3 main categories of FLOSS licenses

Question 12 : In a POTS business model, a large proportion of resources must go to marketing, publicity, and distribution

  1. True

  2. False

Question 13 : FLOSS stands for...

  1. Free/Linux and Open Source Software

  2. Free/Libre and Open Source Software

  3. Free/Linux and Opened Source System

  4. Free and Open Source System

Question 14 : List 5 developing countries that implement FLOSS or have a FLOSS policy

Question 15 : Name 5 FLOSS related networks you know

Question 16 : All of the following are associated with the OSI except

  1. Richard Stallman

  2. Eric Raymond

  3. Bruce Perens

  4. Steve Jobs

Question 17 : FLOSS development began with the inception of the Linux Operating System

  1. True

  2. False

Question 18 : List 2 sites where one can obtain FLOSS resources for businesses in Africa

Question 19 : Network effects refer to the potential internet provides for communication and participation

  1. True

  2. False

Question 20 : Outline the process of releasing a software as FLOSS.

Question 21 : What is forking in FLOSS development?

Question 22 : Which of the following software development models is used by FLOSS?

  1. Bazaar model

  2. Cathedral model

Question 23 : FLOSS represents an opportunity for the empowerment of developing countries

  1. True

  2. False

Question 24 : FLOSS can help reduce vendor lock-in

  1. True

  2. False

Question 25 : FLOSS applications can be used on Windows

  1. True

  2. False

Question 26 : The software development industry is dominated by the POTS and COTS business model

  1. True

  2. False

Question 27 : List 5 developed countries that implement FLOSS or have a FLOSS policy

Question 28 : 1.FLOSS development process includes

(i).source code acquisition

(ii).source code modification

(iii).source code distribution

(iv).source code reacquisition

  1. (i) and (ii) only

  2. (ii) and (iii) only

  3. (i) , (ii) and (iii) only

  4. (i) , (ii) , (iii) and (iv) only

Question 29 : What is a horizontal services firm? Give an example

Question 30 : What are the differences between the licenses for proprietary software and free and open source software?

Question 31 : List 5 values that can be derived from FLOSS.

Question 32 : FLOSS is hostile to intellectual property

  1. True

  2. False

Question 33 : FLOSS is hardly used in a business context

  1. True

  2. False

Question 34 : Free Software and Linux are the same thing

  1. True

  2. False

Question 35 : Proprietary software and closed source software are the same thing

  1. True

  2. False

Question 36 : FSF Stands for …

  1. Free Source Foundation

  2. Free Software Foundation

  3. Free System Foundation

Question 37 : All of the following are examples of open source projects or communities except

  1. FreeBSD

  2. Apache

  3. Ubuntu

  4. IIS

Question 38 : What is a vertical services firm? Give an example

Question 39 : Who initiated the GNU project?

  1. Linus Torvalds

  2. Richard Stallman

  3. Steve Jobs

Question 40 : Which of the following is an example of a vertical services firm?

  1. Redhat Inc

  2. Apache

  3. Canonical Ltd

Question 41 : What is a software license?

Question 42 : Richard Stallman is best known for...

  1. beginning the Open Source Initiative

  2. developing the Linux Kernel

  3. founding  the Free Software Foundation

  4. developing MySql

Question 43 : Mention 5 myths about making money with FLOSS and state facts that counter these myths

Question 44 : List 5 sites where one can obtain FLOSS resources

Question 45 : According to Eric Raymond, the Bazaar model produces …

  1. quicker bug fixes

  2. less efficient software

  3. does not make a difference

Question 46 : Freewares are examples of Free Software

  1. True

  2. False

Question 47 : FLOSS can be a useful strategy when competing with a well-established and widely adopted software product

  1. True

  2. False

Question 48 : What do you understand by dual licensing? Give one example.

Question 49 : All of the following are examples of open source software licenses except

  1. MIT License

  2. Berkeley Software Distribution License

  3. End User License Agreement

  4. Apache Software License

Question 50 : Who is Linus Torvalds?

  1. He began the Open Source Initiative

  2. Developed the linux Kernel

  3. He began the Free Software Foundation

  4. He developed MySql


1. Which statement describes FOSS/FLOSS?FOSS applications are not owned by anyone FOSS has the freedom to use, understand, modify and distribute softwareFOSS is anti-copyrightFOSS is just a software or a software development method.

2. Copyright was invented to protect the rights of content creators; this concept, in contrast, was invented to protect the rights of users. What is it? It is the ownership of an intellectual property within the limits prescribed by a particular nation's or international law.It is the idea and the specific stipulation when distributing software that the user will be able to copy it freely, examine and modify the source code, 
and redistribute the software to others (free or priced) as long as the redistributed software is also passed along with the copyleft stipulation.

3. What is freeware?It is programming that is offered at no cost and the developed software (which may be in public domain) may also be copyrightedIt is software that can be freely used, modified, and redistributed with only one restriction: any redistributed version of the software must be distributed
with the original terms of free use, modification, and distribution

4. All free software is freeware and all freeware is free software. TrueFalse

5. Proprietary software isLow cost, Open standards that facilitate integration with other systems and  it is easily customizable.Costly, and has closed standards that hinder further development.

6. FOSS/FLOSS is forProgrammers/Geeks in their bedroomEveryone including multinationalsStudents studying computer science

7. Which statement is FalseThe total cost of ownership of FOSS is greater than for corresponding closed source softwareFor most commodity software people do not pay for support, they just pay a license and use it

9. Which benefit/limitation applies to Open standards?Inefficient use of existing resourcesLack FlexibilityFewer options and thus less opportunities to optimiseLower and managable risk

10. There are sufficient Open-Source alternatives to proprietary software suites/applicationsTrueFalse

11. Which statement is false about Open source softwareLicense Must Not Be Specific to a ProductLicense Must Not Restrict Other SoftwareLicense Must Be Technology-NeutralLicense Must discriminate against some person or group of persons.

12. Who supports Open Source?MicrosoftHP – Hewlett-PackardUniversitiesDellAll of the above

13. Which Statement is falseOpen-source licences are legally validOpen-source licences are a waiver of rightsOpen-source licenced products can be sold by anyone

14. What is Network effects?The phenomenon that describes how Products in a network increase in value to users as the number of users decreasesThe phenomenon that describes how Products in a network increase in value to users as the number of users increasesThe phenomenon that describes how Products in a network decrease in value to users as the number of users increases

15. What is the most important advantage in the use of open source to users?Lower total cost of ownershipReduced dependence on software vendorsEasier to customizeHigher level of securityDo not see a significant advantage

16. How do open-source models work?Rapid evolutionary processClosed model

17. Which statement is valid in the long term?Open Source may have a niche, but proprietary commercial products will continue to ruleCustomers will never trust something that is freeOpen Source may release value, but it doesn't create valueOpen Source development involves effort, so there has to be payment for that effort

18. There are various types of transactions between parties: win-win, win-lose, lose-lose 
(Lose-lose transactions should never occur under conditions of rational decision-making) and 
Win Neutral. Win-lose transactions occur when the winning party is stronger than the other and 
can force a transaction through. Win-neutral transactions can and do occur quite frequently. 
Everyday examples include someone asking for directions, or asking for change. Here, the person 
asking certainly gains something from the transaction, but the other party neither gains nor loses from it. 
Therefore, the transaction can still take place. All other transactions are willingly entered into by 
two parties and are win-win. Which transaction best represents Open Source Communities/Development?Win-WinWin-LooseLoose-LooseWin-Neutral

19. What is the main motivation of the developers/programmers of open source software?Economic GainTo solve a problem they are facing - to "scratch their personal itch"

20. In economics, we have two concepts, -- competing products and substitutes. Competing 
products are other brands in the same category. Substitutes are products in another category 
that perform much the same function. It's more difficult to switch to a substitute than to a competing 
product, but it can be done when there are compelling reasons. Therefore, in light of open 
source vs. proprietary/ commercial software, open source is aCompetitorSubstitute

21. It is possible to make money off Open SourceTrueFalse

21. Who is termed "father of the GNU Project"Andrew S. TanenbaumRichard StallmanLinus TorvaldsBill Gates

22. The first version of Linux was released in?1990199119921993

23. Open source software development Increaces the research and development expense of the publicly traded companies that make use of itReduces the research and development expense of the publicly traded companies that make use of it

24. Which among these software applications is not "free" open sourceJava Enterprise Edition (JEE)MySQL databaseRuby, PHP, Python and PerlRedhat Enterprise Linux

25. Which method is least suitable for Open source software developmentAgile method Extreme ProgrammingInternet-Speed Development modelThe Waterfall model

26. Which is not a suitable method to keep track(record) of the status of various issues in the development of open source softwareA bug trackerA simple text file

27. Who solves bugs/errors in open source softwareUsersDevelopersBoth

28. Bugs, security flaws, and other errors appear in even the most trusted (proprietary) programs.True False

29. Which list does not contain proprietary softwareThunderbird,MathWorks MATLAB, MoodleAdobe Illustrator, Audacity, Media WikieXe, Blackboard, AutoCADArchimedes, qBitorrent, Apache

30. The most expensive buyin of an open source software company to date (2009) by a 
large corporation such as Nokia/Oracle/Apple/Redhat is worth$5 billion$350 million$1 billion$153 million

31. There is no open source community in Africa with most developers in Africa geared 
towards the problems facing the African contextTrueFalse

32. Most Universities in Africa use open source softwareTrueFalse

33. Most Government institutions in Africa use open source softwareTrueFalse

34. GPL compatible free software license isA permissive non-copyleft free software licenseA free software license, and a copyleft licenseA free software license, and a copyright license

35. Microsoft doesn't make free software.TrueFalse

36. Nokia smart phones now run on open source operating systemTrueFalse

37. Which among the following is a Linux User Group?Egyptian GNU/Linux User GroupGauteng Linux Users' GroupLinux Professional Association of KenyaThe Informal Linux GroupAll of the above

38. Free and open-source software are not "a useful and significant tool for the developing countries", 
and do not have the potential to help democratization and finding solutions to the most pressing
 problems faced by the populations of developing countriesTrueFalse

39. FLOSS has a complementary and reciprocal relationship to education. One needs an educated 
section of the population to fulfill the full potential of FLOSS, and at the same time FLOSS helps, 
enhances and complements education by providing tools to promote educationTrueFalse

40. "despite being extremely cost-effective and of competitive quality, FLOSS still is kept out because 
companies with enough cash can buy off decision-makers"TrueFalse

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